• “The model for using property taxes to finance schools, police, fire, and other services is no longer sustainable.” –Stephanie Miner, (D) Mayer of Syracuse.

New York’s Constitution requires the establishment of public schools, but does not commit the state to any educational standard.

“…the Court of Appeals held in 1982 that the then-current statutory provisions for allocation of state aid to school districts violated neither the “free common schools” provision of Article XI, Section 1, nor the equal protection clauses of either the state or federal Constitutions, even though they resulted in substantially disparate per-capita expenditures for education from one district to another.

• In a 2003 New York State Court of Appeals decision, the Court found that a “high school education is now all but indispensable” to prepare students for competitive employment and civic engagement. It held that the State Constitution requires that the State must provide “a meaningful high school education, one which prepares them to function productively as civic participants.” — Michael A. Rebell, NYSBA Government, Law and Policy Journal, Summer 2011, Vol 13, No. 1

The 1967 draft Constitution sought to bring equity to school finance by a provision calling for “…equality of educational opportunity…to…all the people of the state…”, by providing that “…the legislature shall provide necessary programs to develop the educational potential of each person…” and by specifying aspects of the educational aid formula designed to be more redistributive. –Robert D. Stone, Decision 1997, Constitutional Change in New York.