• Only 1 state grants the governor the power to call for an immediate vote: NY.
• 18 states require a 2/3 vote or more by the legislature to waive the waiting time for a vote on a bill: AK, AR, AZ, CA, FL, ID, IN, KS, MN, MO, MS, NJ, NV, OH, OR, TX, UT, WV
• California, for instance, has strict limits beyond a 2/3’s vote on what a Message of Necessity if for and how it can be used:
(d) Urgency statutes are those necessary for immediate preservation of the public peace, health, or safety. A statement of facts constituting the necessity shall be set forth in one section of the bill. In each house the section and the bill shall be passed separately, each by rollcall vote entered in the journal, two thirds of the membership concurring. An urgency statute may not create or abolish any office or change the salary, term, or duties of any office, or grant any franchise or special privilege, or create any vested right or interest.
• Nebraska provides five days to read and discuss a bill before a vote rather than New York’s 3. This also seems a more realistic and democratic period for the media, the public, and their representatives to discuss often complex legislation in a meaningful way.