New York is one of nine states that constitutionally specifies a method for election administration. The others are Arkansas, California, Louisiana, Mississippi, Texas, Vermont, West Virginia and Virginia. Of these, Arkansas, California, Louisiana, Mississippi, Vermont and West Virginia give this duty to an elected Secretary of State; in Texas a Secretary of State appointed by the Governor (with no legislative advice and consent) is responsible.
Virginia’s constitution makes no provision for a state election board: it calls for three-member city and county election boards, with representation assured for the two major parties. Only New York has a constitutional provision that specifies the use of a board at both the state and local levels to oversee election administration.
For the administration of elections, about three-quarters of American states use a single headed agency. 18 states have ethics commissions.
This state established a robust ethics commission:
“The Fair Political Practices Commission is a five-member independent, non-partisan commission that has primary responsibility for the impartial and effective administration of the Political Reform Act. The Act regulates campaign financing, conflicts of interest, lobbying, and governmental ethics. The Commission’s objectives are to ensure that public officials act in a fair and unbiased manner in the governmental decision-making process, to promote transparency in government, and to foster public trust in the political system.”