• ““New York City and New York State purport to be the progressive capital of the country, so there is a disconnect between the rhetoric and reality,” said Councilman Ritchie Torres, a Bronx Democrat, who watched as a reform package he sponsored was shelved this year.” —The New York Times,“ Criminal Justice Reforms Stall in a Liberal Capital: New York August 21, 2016.

• “Everyone deserves a second chance. We’re working to break the cycle of returning to jail for those in City custody by making sure they have opportunities to learn and grow while in jail, and connecting them with the re-entry services to support a pathway to stability when they leave,” said Mayor Bill de Blasio. – From “Mayor De Blasio Announces Re-Entry Services for Everyone in City Jails,” March 29, 2017.

• “Non-violent offenders make up over 60 percent of the current U.S. prison and jail population. Non-violent drug offenders account for about one-fourth of all inmates, up from less than 10 percent in 1980. Brian E. Moran, “The Justice Imperative,” Malta Justice Initiative, 2014 (p. 1).

• Studies have found higher recidivism rates among juvenile offenders transferred to criminal courts compared with those who remained in the juvenile system….juveniles who eventually serve time in adult prison tend to commit more crimes and more violent offenses upon their release. Brian E. Moran, “The Justice Imperative,” Malta Justice Initiative, 2014 (p. 31).

• “According to a2013 RAND study surveying 30 years of research, every dollar spent on inmate education translates to $4 to $5 saved on re-incarceration. Of course, opposition to rational prison policies is rarely about the money and much more often a knee-jerk response to anything that could be portrayed as leniency toward people who have committed crimes. It is also not infrequently laced with racial overtones.” – The New York Times, “ Cuomo Drops the Ball,” April 8, 2014.

• “Far too many individuals awaiting trial who pose no risk to public safety are incarcerated simply because they cannot afford to post the bail amount set by the courts. Providing judges with more accurate and complete information about the defendants who come before them and instituting effective alternatives such as supervised release are critical steps in reducing overreliance on bail.” –Judge Jonathan Lippman,gov, “Mayor de Blasio Announces $17.8 Million to Reduce Unnecessary Jail Time for People Waiting for Trial,” July 8, 2015.